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NFIRS 5.0 Element: ‘Contributing Factors’

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NFIRS Coding

Here are the NFIRS codes for the ‘Contributing Factors’ element, including any “other” values in case none of the preselected choices match:

Common Examples of Contributing Factors

More commonly used values for Contributing Factors…

Contributing Factors  Code 
Egress Problem Group 1
Trapped Above Fire 24
None NN

Groups within ‘Contributing Factors’

All values for Contributing Factors

Egress Problem Group
  • 11 - Crowd Situation, Limited Exits
  • 12 - Mechanical Obstacles To Exit
  • 13 - Locked Exit or Other Problem With Exit
  • 14 - Problem With Quick Release Burglar or Security Bar
  • 15 - Burglar or Security Bar, Intrusion Barrier
  • 16 - Window Type or Size Impeded Egress
  • 10 - Egress Problem - Other
Fire Pattern Group
  • 21 - Exits Blocked By Flame
  • 22 - Exits Blocked By Smoke
  • 23 - Vision Blocked or Impaired By Smoke
  • 24 - Trapped Above Fire
  • 25 - Trapped Below Fire
  • 20 - Fire Pattern - Other
Escape Group
  • 31 - Unfamiliar With Exits
  • 32 - Excessive Travel Distance To Nearest Clear Exit
  • 33 - Chose Inappropriate Exit Route
  • 34 - Re-entered Building
  • 35 - Clothing Caught Fire While Escaping
  • 30 - Escape - Other
Collapse Group
  • 41 - Roof Collapse
  • 42 - Wall Collapse
  • 43 - Floor Collapse
  • 40 - Collapse - Other
  • 51 - Trapped In/by Vehicle
  • 52 - Vehicle Collision, Rollover
  • 50 - Vehicle-related - Other
  • 61 - Unvented Heating Equipment
  • 62 - Improper Use Of Heating Equipment
  • 63 - Improper Use Of Cooking Equipment
  • 60 - Equipment-related Factors - Other
Other Special Factors Group
  • 91 - Clothing Burned, Not While Escaping
  • 92 - Overexertion
  • 00 - Factor Contributing To Injury - Other
  • NN - None
  • UU - Undetermined (Conversion Only)

Transactions containing ‘Contributing Factors’

A few NFIRS elements are reused accross a number of transactions, but typically the value is captured by one transaction only.

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Element Specification

 Specification   Value 
Requirement Optional
Expected Length 2
Multiple Choice 0 - 3
Element Type Coded Field - The coded field relating to an entry in the code table. Most coded fields allow for Plus+ One codes. For these fields the expected length of the coded entry is depicted as (National length OR Plus+ One length). Only fields with this notation in the expected length column allow for Plus+ One definitions. If the user has not provided information, an empty field should be transmitted.
 
 

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For more information see the NFIRS Cheat Sheet, NFIRS Coding and contact Responserack to learn about our fire department software.