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NERIS Terminology - NERIS

USFA NERIS - is a BETA SPECIFICATION, presented here to aid in review
WORK IN PROGRESS: This information is beta and subject to change.

NERIS Terminology


Term Definition Example Comment
AES Automatic Extinguishing System Sprinklers
ARFF Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting https://www.faa.gov/airports/airport_safety/aircraft_rescue_fire_fighting
CAAS Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Services https://www.caas.org/
CAD Computer Aided Dispatch The computer system your local dispatch center uses to record and dispatch.
Civilian Not a member of the fire service Occupant of the home or structure, passerby.
CPSE Center for Public Safety Excellence https://www.cpse.org/accreditation
CRR Community Risk Reduction https://www.usfa.fema.gov/prevention/community-risk-reduction/
CSST Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing https://www.usfa.fema.gov/nfirs/coding-help/csst/
CXDLF Civic Location Data Exchange Format - NENA Next Generation 9-1-1 (NG9-1-1) United States Civic Location Data Exchange Format (CLDXF) Standard https://www.nena9-1-1.org/standards/CLDXF/
ESS Energy Storage System https://www.usfa.fema.gov/blog/responding-to-fires-that-include-energy-storage-systems-are-a-new-and-evolving-hazard/
GIS Geographic Information System Mapping information with “layers” (e.g. roads, land ownership, district boundary, etc.)
IRWIN Integrated Reporting of Wildfire Information https://www.wildfire.gov/application/irwin-integrated-reporting-wildfire-information
ISO rating An ISO fire rating is a score provided to fire departments and insurance companies by the Insurance Services Office (ISO). The ISO ratings range from 1 to 10, with Class 1 representing superior public protection and Class 10 indicating no recognized protection.
Polygon A shape (three sides or more) that makes an area. In GIS, a contiguous parcel of land. Your district boundary (with all its twists and turns.)
PSAP Public Safety Answering Point Dispatch Center (perhaps with CAD)
NEMSIS National Emergency Medical Services Information System https://nemsis.org/
FSRI Fire Safety Research Institute https://fsri.org/
NERIS National Emergency Response Information System https://www.usfa.fema.gov/nfirs/neris/
IDLH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Extreme heat, cold, gases, poisons, etc.
WGS84 World Geodetic System 1984 The World Geodetic System is a standard used in cartography, geodesy, and satellite navigation including GPS. The current version, WGS 84, defines an Earth-centered, Earth-fixed coordinate system and a geodetic datum, and also describes the associated Earth Gravitational Model and World Magnetic Model. This standard is underlying modern mapping systems, e.g. mobile phones and many (perhaps most) GPS devices.

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